Week 1: Luke 3

Watch Sunday’s message as Pastor Trent starts The Gospel According to Luke series in Luke 3

Pastor Andrew summarizes Luke Chapter 3

View or Listen to the NEXT: Podcast with Greg, Brooke and Pastor Andrew

As you read this chapter,

keep in mind Luke’s stated purpose in writing this “orderly account” for his friend, Theophilus (1:1-4).
notice the details Luke chooses to include in his account.

Verses 1-20:

Why do you suppose it was important for Luke to record specific years and the names of the rulers in power?

Until the word of God came to John, it had been approximately 400 years of relative silence from God through his prophets. (Read Amos 8:11-12) What must it have meant to God’s people to finally hear from God through John? What evidence do you see in these verses that God had been preparing their hearts to hear His voice?

The word “baptism” means saturation through and through. And “repentance” means a change of heart/mind. How did John’s “baptism of repentance” serve to “prepare the way of the Lord” and fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah?

John said Jesus would “baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.” Read Acts 2:3 and I Cor. 3:13 and consider what that might mean.

Verses 21-38:

Read Matthew 3:13-17. Although John’s baptism was a baptism of repentance, Jesus did not need to repent of sin. Why do you suppose it was important for Jesus to be baptized by John in this way?

For the Jews, who knew their Old Testament scriptures very well, what was said of Jesus in verse 22 would have called to mind Psalm 2 and Isaiah 42, both of which are strongly associated with the long-awaited Messiah. How do you see Jesus fulfilling these prophetic scriptures?

Matthew’s genealogy of Jesus’ lineage goes back to Abraham, but Luke’s goes all the way back to Adam. Why might that be significant to someone who is not Jewish?

Application:

Consider a time when you experienced conviction, correction, or exhortation from someone that resulted in a change of heart/mind. In what way was that “good news” to you?

If “baptism” means saturation through and through, what are the implications for average people like us of being baptized with the Holy Spirit (the 3rd Person of the Trinity)?

Download PDF of these questions HERE

Luke 3 New International Version (NIV)

1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar—when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and Traconitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene— 2 during the high-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3 He went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 4 As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet:

“A voice of one calling in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord,
make straight paths for him.
5 Every valley shall be filled in,
every mountain and hill made low.
The crooked roads shall become straight,
the rough ways smooth.
6 And all people will see God’s salvation.’”
7 John said to the crowds coming out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8 Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. And do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham. 9 The ax is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.”

10 “What should we do then?” the crowd asked.

11 John answered, “Anyone who has two shirts should share with the one who has none, and anyone who has food should do the same.”

12 Even tax collectors came to be baptized. “Teacher,” they asked, “what should we do?”

13 “Don’t collect any more than you are required to,” he told them.

14 Then some soldiers asked him, “And what should we do?”

He replied, “Don’t extort money and don’t accuse people falsely—be content with your pay.”

15 The people were waiting expectantly and were all wondering in their hearts if John might possibly be the Messiah. 16 John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one who is more powerful than I will come, the straps of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in his hand to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.” 18 And with many other words John exhorted the people and proclaimed the good news to them.

19 But when John rebuked Herod the tetrarch because of his marriage to Herodias, his brother’s wife, and all the other evil things he had done, 20 Herod added this to them all: He locked John up in prison.

21 When all the people were being baptized, Jesus was baptized too. And as he was praying, heaven was opened 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.”

23 Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph,

the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat,

the son of Levi, the son of Melki,

the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph,

25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos,

the son of Nahum, the son of Esli,

the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath,

the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein,

the son of Josek, the son of Joda,

27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa,

the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel,

the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melki,

the son of Addi, the son of Cosam,

the son of Elmadam, the son of Er,

29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer,

the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat,

the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon,

the son of Judah, the son of Joseph,

the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim,

31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna,

the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan,

the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse,

the son of Obed, the son of Boaz,

the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon,

33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram,

the son of Hezron, the son of Perez,

the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob,

the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham,

the son of Terah, the son of Nahor,

35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu,

the son of Peleg, the son of Eber,

the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan,

the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem,

the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,

37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch,

the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel,

the son of Kenan, 38 the son of Enosh,

the son of Seth, the son of Adam,

the son of God.

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